Spayed bitches more often suffer from incontinence

Castrated bitches have a three times higher chance of becoming incontinent than intact bitches. This appears from research published in England earlier this year.

Active dachshunds have lower risks for IVDD

How can owners of dachshunds lower chances for IVDD, the typical type of paralysis in the breed, as much as possible?

More fear and agression after neutering

Many owners spay or neuter their dogs, an euphemism for a castration.